Boudoir photography is a niche within portrait photography that captures intimate, romantic, and sometimes erotic images of its subjects, primarily in a bedroom or private dressing room setting. The term “boudoir” originates from the French word for a woman’s private room, and it’s in these spaces the subjects are often depicted wearing lingerie or partially clothed. This style of photography is not merely about nudity or sexuality but about showcasing a subject’s confidence and vulnerability in a tasteful and empowering way. Over the past few years, boudoir photography has become popular as people of all shapes, sizes, and genders have begun recognizing it as a form of self-expression and self-love. The rise of body positivity movements and the desire to capture one’s personal journey and milestones have contributed significantly to its mainstream acceptance.
The Importance of Discussing Techniques, Styles, and Trends in Boudoir Photography
Understanding and mastering boudoir photography’s various techniques, styles, and trends is crucial for photographers and subjects alike. For photographers, these elements allow them to capture the subject’s personality, emotions, and story uniquely and compellingly.
With proper knowledge and application of different techniques, they can enhance the quality of their photos, creating aesthetically pleasing images that resonate on a deeper emotional level. Keeping up-to-date with the latest styles and trends can help photographers stay relevant and competitive in this evolving industry. For subjects, understanding these aspects can aid in setting expectations, communicating effectively with the photographer, and feeling more comfortable during the session. It also empowers them to actively participate in the creative process, resulting in photographs that reflect their essence and journey.
Understanding Boudoir Photography
Boudoir photography can be defined as the art of capturing intimate, sensual, and suggestive images that reflect a sense of personal intimacy and romantic allure. However, it’s more than just capturing provocative images; it’s about capturing the essence of a person, their true self, in a typically private and personal setting.
It embodies vulnerability and confidence, creating an intimate bond between the subject and the camera. This form of photography is often seen as empowering, allowing individuals to appreciate and showcase their unique beauty and individuality. Boudoir photography celebrates self-love and body positivity as intimate art promoting self-expression and acceptance.
Differentiating Boudoir Photography from Other Genres
Boudoir photography differs significantly from other genres of photography in its approach, purpose, and subject matter. Unlike traditional portrait photography, which aims to capture the subject’s external characteristics, boudoir focuses on revealing inner beauty and sensuality, often in a more private and intimate setting.
This genre strays from fashion photography’s emphasis on clothing and style trends, concentrating instead on the subject’s body and self-expression. It also stands apart from glamour photography, which often utilizes heavy post-processing and editing to achieve a specific aesthetic. Boudoir photography, conversely, promotes authenticity, celebrating the subject’s natural beauty without the need for extensive retouching.
Finally, the boudoir breaks away from the documentary style of street or event photography, focusing instead on carefully crafted scenarios that capture the subject in their most vulnerable and empowered state. It’s about creating a safe space where subjects can express their sensuality, confidence, and inner strength, resulting in deeply personal and intimate portraits.
Choosing the Right Setting
Selecting the right setting for a boudoir shoot is paramount to creating the desired mood and atmosphere. Here are a few options:
- Bedrooms: The classic location for boudoir photography is a bedroom, which inherently exudes an intimate vibe. Soft lighting, plush bedding, and tastefully chosen decor can enhance the overall aesthetic and create a comfortable, private environment for the subject.
- Photo Studios: For more controlled and professional settings, photographers often opt for studios. A boudoir photo studio can be set up with props and backgrounds to create a variety of scenes, offering the flexibility to cater to a subject’s specific needs and vision.
- Outdoor Spaces: For a different flavor of boudoir photography, natural settings like a secluded beach, an open field, or a lush forest can be used. These spaces provide a unique backdrop, and their natural lighting can create stunning, ethereal shots. However, privacy is a prime concern in these settings and should be carefully considered.
- Hotel Rooms: Boutique hotels or lodges often feature unique decor and a sense of luxury that can add a different dimension to boudoir images. These locations offer a variety of settings within one location, from elegant bedrooms to chic lounges.
- Home-Based Settings: Sometimes, the subject’s home can be the most comfortable and personal location. This choice is particularly fitting if the session aims to capture the subject in their most authentic and relaxed state.
Remember, the goal is to choose a location where the subject feels comfortable and confident, as this will result in the most genuine and compelling photographs.
Factors Influencing Setting Choices
When choosing a location for a boudoir shoot, several factors come into play:
- Comfort: The subject’s comfort is paramount. The environment should allow the subject to feel at ease expressing themselves. This can range from a familiar setting like their home to a professional studio providing privacy and control.
- Style: The style of the shoot also influences the setting choice. An outdoor setting might be best if the photoshoot style is more ethereal and natural. A well-lit studio or a luxurious hotel room might be more appropriate for glamorous, dramatic shoots.
- Lighting: Proper lighting is critical in boudoir photography to create the desired mood and highlight the subject’s features. Natural light works wonders in creating soft, beautiful photographs, so a location with good natural light is always a plus. A studio with adjustable artificial lighting might be better for more dramatic or stylized shoots.
- Privacy: Boudoir photography is intimate and personal. Therefore, the location must provide ample privacy to make the subject feel secure and uninhibited.
- Personal Meaning: Locations that hold personal significance to the subject can add a deeper layer of intimacy to the photos. This could be their bedroom, a favorite spot in their home, or a location with special memories.
- Aesthetic Appeal: The location’s visual appeal contributes to the photographs’ composition. An aesthetically pleasing environment – whether a chic hotel room or a lush outdoor location – can add beauty and elegance to the images.
The ultimate goal is to create a setting that complements the subject’s personality, aligns with their vision, and helps them feel empowered and confident.
Lighting and Equipment
Lighting is a critical element in boudoir photography that can significantly impact the mood, tone, and overall quality of the images. It can transform the setting, emphasize the subject’s best features, and create a sense of depth and dimension in the photographs.
Natural Light vs. Artificial Light
With its softness and warmth, natural light is often preferred in boudoir photography. It lends the images a soft, ethereal quality, accentuating the subject’s natural beauty without creating harsh shadows or lines. Natural light typically imparts a more relaxed and authentic tone to the photographs, making it ideal for capturing boudoir shoots’ intimate and vulnerable nature. It also benefits photographers who prefer a more minimalist approach, requiring less equipment and setup.
Artificial light, on the other hand, provides photographers with more control over the lighting conditions. It enables them to manipulate the light’s intensity, direction, and color to create a specific mood or effect. This can be particularly useful in indoor settings or during nighttime shoots when natural light is not available. Photographers can experiment with various lighting techniques to enhance the drama and visual interest in their boudoir images using different artificial lights, such as strobes, LED lights, or incandescent lamps.
Both natural and artificial light have their merits in boudoir photography. The choice between the two largely depends on the photographer’s style, the subject’s comfort and preferences, and the specific requirements of the shoot. The key is understanding how to use light effectively to create intimate, powerful, and aesthetically pleasing boudoir images.
Essential Equipment for a Successful Boudoir Photoshoot
To achieve the best results in a boudoir photoshoot, certain pieces of equipment are essential:
- Camera: The most vital piece of equipment for any photographer. A DSLR or mirrorless camera with a full-frame sensor is typically preferred for its superior image quality and performance in low-light conditions.
- Lenses: Various lenses can be used in boudoir photography, each offering a different perspective. A prime lens, such as a 50mm or 85mm, is ideal for portraits due to its sharpness and depth-of-field capabilities. A wide-angle lens can also capture the entire scene or create artistic effects.
- Tripod: A sturdy tripod ensures stability, especially when shooting in low-light conditions. It also allows for precise framing and composition.
- Lighting Equipment: Depending on whether you’re using natural or artificial light, this may include reflectors, diffusers, light stands, softboxes, and flashes. This equipment helps to manipulate the light and create the desired effects.
- Props: Props can add visual interest and context to a boudoir shoot. This could include furniture, bedding, mirrors, clothing, and personal items that reflect the subject’s personality.
- Backdrop: Different backdrops for studio shoots can provide variety and flexibility in creating different moods and styles.
- Light Meter: A light meter aids in achieving correct exposure by measuring the amount of light in a scene.
- Reflectors: Reflectors are used to bounce light onto the subject, which can help to eliminate unwanted shadows.
While having good-quality equipment is beneficial, the most crucial factor in successful boudoir photography is the photographer’s ability to create a comfortable environment, communicate effectively with the subject, and capture their essence with sensitivity and respect.
Posing and Directing
– Guidelines for posing and directing subjects to achieve natural and flattering shots
Posing and directing subjects effectively is a crucial aspect of boudoir photography. It involves helping them feel comfortable and guiding them into poses that flatter their body type and express their style. Here are some guidelines for posing and directing subjects in a boudoir shoot:
- Build Comfort and Trust: Before you start shooting, discuss with your subject their comfort levels, insecurities, and what they want to portray in the images. Building a rapport will make them more relaxed and willing to try different poses.
- Guide, Don’t Dictate: Use simple, clear instructions. Instead of dictating poses, inspire subjects with ideas and encourage them to move naturally. This can result in more authentic and intimate images.
- Show, Don’t Tell: Sometimes, the best way to direct a subject into a pose is to demonstrate it yourself. This can make it easier for them to understand what you’re asking for and how they should position their body.
- Focus on Angles: Guide your subject to angle their body in a way that flatters their unique shape. This might involve tilting the head, shifting the weight, or adjusting the placement of arms and legs. Remember, little changes can make a big difference.
- Use Props: Props can help a subject feel more at ease and add interest to the images. They can interact with, rest a hand on, or create a focal point in a shot.
- Encourage Natural Movement: Encourage your subject to move around naturally between poses. This can create a sense of spontaneity and capture unique expressions and moments.
- Capture Emotion: Boudoir photography is about more than physical beauty; it conveys emotion. Encourage your subject to express different emotions, and be ready to capture those moments.
- Pay Attention to Details: Small elements like the placement of hands, the head’s angle, or the gaze’s direction can significantly impact a shot. Always keep an eye out for these details.
Every subject is unique, and what works for one might not work for another. Being patient, adaptable, and respectful throughout the process is essential.
Making Clients Comfortable During Intimate Photoshoots
Creating an environment of comfort and trust is key to successful intimate boudoir photography. Here are some tips to help ensure your clients feel at ease:
- Pre-Session Consultation: Before the actual shoot, schedule a consultation to discuss expectations, concerns, and boundaries. This conversation can help build rapport, alleviate anxieties, and establish trust.
- Professional Communication: Always maintain professional, respectful, and kind communication. Use positive and empowering language. Avoid commenting on the client’s body unless it’s to compliment or direct a pose.
- Privacy: Respect the client’s privacy. This could be as simple as turning away when changing outfits or ensuring the shooting location is secure and private.
- Consent: Always ask for permission before personally adjusting the client’s pose or attire. If an adjustment needs to be made, it’s usually best to explain how and ask the client to do it themselves.
- Comfortable Environment: Keep the shooting environment relaxed and comfortable. This could involve maintaining a comfortable room temperature, playing soft music, or providing refreshments.
- Pace: Allow ample time for the shoot so it doesn’t feel rushed. Give the client breaks as needed, and let them set the pace of the shoot.
- Positive Affirmations: Regularly affirm the client during the shoot. Compliment their courage, their poses, or how well they’re doing. This helps boost their confidence and makes the experience more enjoyable for them.
- Post-Session Follow-Up: Follow up with the client after the shoot to check their feelings about the experience. This not only shows them you care but also provides you with valuable feedback for future sessions.
Remember, every client is unique, and what makes one person comfortable might not work for another. Always strive to be empathetic, patient, and attentive to your client’s needs.
Wardrobe and Styling
Choosing the right wardrobe and accessories for a boudoir shoot is crucial as it enhances the aesthetic appeal of the images and boosts the client’s confidence and self-expression. Here are some recommendations for selecting a wardrobe and accessories that match the client’s style:
- Understand the Client’s Style: During your pre-session consultation, ask your client about their style, favorite clothing items, and how they wish to be portrayed in the images. This understanding will help guide the wardrobe selection process.
- Comfort Over Fashion: Choose outfits where the client feels comfortable and confident. Clothes that are too tight or ill-fitting can make the client feel self-conscious and create unflattering lines or bulges in the images.
- Select a Range of Outfits: Recommend having a variety of outfits to create different looks during the shoot – from lingerie to an oversized shirt or a comfortable robe. The variation adds interest and allows the client to express their personality.
- Mind the Colors: Advice on choosing colors that complement the client’s skin tone and hair color. Also, consider the shoot location and the mood of the photographs – neutral or pastel colors can create a soft, romantic vibe, while bold colors can add drama and intensity.
- Accessorize Appropriately: Accessories can add depth and personality to photos. Whether it’s jewelry, a favorite scarf, high heels, or a special keepsake, these details can make the images more personal and unique.
- Consider Professional Styling: If the budget allows, hire a professional stylist or makeup artist. They can guide what looks best on camera and can help enhance the client’s natural beauty, making them feel more glamorous and confident.
A boudoir shoot aims to empower the client and make them feel beautiful, so respecting their preferences and comfort levels is important throughout the wardrobe and styling process.
Exploring Different Wardrobe Options
When choosing the wardrobe for a boudoir shoot, numerous options exist. The key is to select pieces that align with the client’s personal style and comfort level and will contribute to the overall aesthetic and mood of the photoshoot.
- Lingerie – Lingerie is a classic choice for boudoir photography, embodying femininity and sensuality. Options can range from a lace bra and panty set to a silk negligee or a corset. Each piece can create a different mood, whether playful, seductive, or elegant. When choosing lingerie, consider the client’s comfort level and body type to ensure they feel confident and at ease.
- Casual – Casual attire can also work beautifully in a boudoir shoot. Think of an oversized shirt, a cozy sweater, or a simple tank top and underwear. These items can create a relaxed, intimate atmosphere, giving the images a ‘morning after’ or ‘lounging at home’ vibe. Casual outfits can also help clients feel more comfortable, especially those who are shy or new to boudoir photography.
- Themed – Themed outfits add a fun and creative spin to boudoir shoots. Whether it’s a vintage pin-up look, a bridal theme, or incorporating elements of a client’s occupation or hobby, themed shoots can bring personality and storytelling into the images. When planning a themed shoot, consider props, accessories, and the shoot location to ensure a cohesive look.
Remember, the wardrobe should reflect the client’s style and desired aesthetic and make them feel empowered and beautiful. The right wardrobe choice can significantly enhance the mood and quality of a boudoir shoot.
Hair and Makeup
Professional hair and makeup play an integral role in creating a boudoir photoshoot’s desired look and feel. They enhance the client’s natural beauty and boost their confidence, which can significantly impact the quality of the images.
- Confidence Boost: A professional makeup artist understands how to highlight the client’s best features and conceal imperfections. This can make the client feel more confident and comfortable in front of the camera, resulting in more relaxed and authentic images.
- Photogenic Results: Professional makeup artists know the techniques and products that photograph well. They can create a look that suits the client and the shoot’s theme but also translates well on camera. Similarly, a professional hairstylist can create hairstyles that complement the client’s features and the mood of the shoot, adding to the overall aesthetic of the images.
- Overall Experience: The process of having hair and makeup professionally done can add to the whole boudoir experience. It allows the client to relax, feel pampered, and get the right mindset before the shoot begins.
While professional hair and makeup can greatly enhance a boudoir photoshoot, always consider the client’s comfort and preferences. The goal is to help them feel like their best version, not to make them feel like someone else.
Collaborating with Hair and Makeup Artists
Collaborating with hair and makeup artists is essential for achieving the desired aesthetic in a boudoir shoot. Here are some tips on effectively working with these professionals:
- Clear Communication: Discuss the shoot’s theme, mood, and the client’s preferences with the makeup artist and hairstylist. Provide them with examples or mood boards to ensure you’re all on the same page.
- Client Consultation: Encourage the professionals to consult with the client. This can help them better understand the client’s comfort level, skin type, hair texture, and personal style, resulting in a look that the client is happy with.
- Trial Run: If possible, schedule a trial run before the shoot. This allows the client to see how the makeup and hair look and suggests any necessary adjustments.
- On-Set Adjustments: Have the professionals on-site during the shoot if the budget allows. They can help with touch-ups and make necessary changes as the shoot progresses.
- Respect Timelines: Ensure that the hair and makeup artists know the shooting schedule and can work within the allotted time to prevent delays.
Remember, working closely with hair and makeup artists can significantly enhance the quality of your boudoir photoshoots, providing your clients with a truly empowering and transformative experience.
Communication and Consent
Clear communication and consent form the backbone of a successful and respectful boudoir photography session. The intimate nature of boudoir photography necessitates a high level of trust between the photographer and the client, which can only be built through open and honest dialogue.
- Clear Communication: Clear communication is key to understanding the client’s comfort level, preferences, and boundaries. This begins with the initial consultation, where the photographer can discuss the client’s vision, address any concerns, and set clear expectations for the shoot. Maintaining professional and respectful communication during the session helps create a positive and empowering experience for the client. It also ensures that the client is comfortable with the poses, wardrobe changes, and overall direction of the shoot.
- Consent: Consent is essential in any photography session, but it is especially crucial in boudoir photography due to its intimate nature. Always obtain explicit consent from the client before touching them for adjustments or moving forward with potentially sensitive poses or themes. This respects the client’s boundaries and ensures a safe and comfortable environment. Consent should be ongoing and can be withdrawn at any time. Therefore, be attentive to the client’s verbal and non-verbal cues throughout the session.
In boudoir photography, clear communication and explicit consent are not merely professional guidelines but are intrinsically tied to ethics and respect for your client’s comfort and dignity.
Setting Expectations and Addressing Concerns
Setting clear expectations and addressing any concerns before the boudoir photoshoot is crucial. This process builds trust and rapport between the photographer and the client and helps ensure a smooth and comfortable photoshoot.
- Discuss the Process: Explain to the client how the photoshoot will proceed, from preparation to the final reveal of the images. This overview helps eliminate uncertainties and gives the client a clear understanding of what to expect.
- Understand the Client’s Vision: Each client may have a different vision or goal for their boudoir shoot. Take the time to understand their expectations, what they hope to achieve, and how they want to be portrayed in the images.
- Address Concerns: A boudoir shoot can be a vulnerable experience for many clients. Encourage them to express any concerns or anxieties they may have. Address these concerns respectfully and reassuringly, providing solutions or alternatives whenever possible.
- Discuss Wardrobe and Styling: Talk about wardrobe options and styles that the client is comfortable with and that align with their vision. Assure them that the shoot is all about their comfort and self-expression, and they have control over what they wear.
- Explain Privacy Policies: Boudoir photography involves intimate and personal images. Ensure the client understands your privacy policies and how their images will be used and stored to respect their privacy and confidentiality.
- Outline the Post-Production Process: Inform the client about the post-production process – how the images will be selected, edited, and delivered. Discuss any retouching that may be done, and make sure to get their consent and input.
Setting expectations and addressing concerns before the photo shoot is about making the client feel comfortable, respected, and in control. This leads to a successful shoot and a more positive and empowering experience for the client.
Editing and Retouching
Post-processing is a pivotal part of boudoir photography, allowing the photographer to enhance the images while maintaining a natural look. Here are some techniques that are commonly used:
- Exposure and Contrast Adjustments: These basic adjustments can significantly enhance a photo. Properly exposed photos with balanced contrast can help highlight the subject’s features. It’s important not to overdo adjustments to maintain a natural look.
- Skin Retouching: Boudoir photography often features close-up shots where skin blemishes may be visible. Gentle skin retouching can help smooth out imperfections, but the key is avoiding going overboard. The client should still look like themselves, so retaining natural skin texture is crucial.
- Color Grading: Color grading can set the mood of the boudoir photos. Warm tones create a romantic and intimate feel, while cool tones evoke a more dramatic mood. Be mindful of skin tones when color grading to ensure the client’s skin looks natural.
- Sharpening: This can help enhance the details in the image. Apply this effect sparingly to avoid an overly-edited look.
- Vignetting: Adding a soft vignette can draw the viewer’s eye toward the subject. This technique should be used subtly to maintain a natural appearance.
- Black and White Conversion: Black and white images can add a timeless and artistic quality to boudoir photos, emphasizing shadows, light, and form.
Post-processing in boudoir photography aims to enhance the images while keeping the client’s appearance natural and authentic. It’s about making the images the best they can be without taking away from the client’s unique beauty and individuality.
Preserving Authenticity while Retouching
In boudoir photography, it’s essential to strike a balance between enhancing the image and preserving the authenticity of the client’s appearance. Over-retouching can lead to images that look unnatural and lose their emotional connection. Here are some guidelines to avoid excessive retouching:
- Less is More: When retouching, the ‘less is more’ approach is always preferable. The aim should be to enhance the client’s natural beauty, not to create an inaccurate representation of them. Keep adjustments subtle and strive to maintain the original essence of the image.
- Maintain Natural Skin Texture: Over-smoothing of the skin is a common mistake in retouching. While cleaning up noticeable blemishes or imperfections is necessary, care should be taken to preserve the natural skin texture. This not only keeps the image looking realistic but also celebrates the person’s unique beauty.
- Consult with Your Client: Transparency with the client is key in retouching. Discuss the degree of retouching they are comfortable with and incorporate their feedback into the process. Remember, the image should make the client feel as beautiful and confident as they are.
- Selective Retouching: Instead of applying blanket retouching over the entire image, focus on specific areas that need enhancement. This focused approach helps maintain the overall authenticity of the image.
- Practice Restraint with Tools: Modern software provides powerful retouching tools. While these can be beneficial, excessive use can result in an overly edited look. Practice restraint with these tools to ensure the image retains its natural feel.
Remember, retouching in boudoir photography aims not to achieve perfection but to accentuate the client’s natural beauty and confidence. Always respect the client’s individuality and comfort level in the retouching process.
Trends in Boudoir Photography
Boudoir photography constantly evolves, with new trends reflecting social and cultural shifts. Two particularly significant trends in recent years are the emphasis on body positivity and inclusive representation.
Body Positivity in Boudoir Photography
The body positivity movement has made a significant impact on boudoir photography. Photographers now focus on celebrating all body types, shapes, and sizes, moving away from traditional beauty standards. This trend emphasizes authenticity and self-love, encouraging clients to embrace and celebrate their bodies as they are. It’s about capturing the beauty in Your uniqueness and individuality, and this more inclusive approach has made boudoir photography more accessible and empowering for a wider range of people.
Inclusive Representation in Boudoir Photography
Similarly, there’s a growing trend towards more inclusive representation in boudoir photography. This means photographers consciously include people of all genders, races, ages, and abilities. Clients seek photographers who can portray them respectfully and affirmatively, regardless of their identity or background. This shift towards inclusive representation diversifies the faces we see in boudoir photography and broadens Your understanding of beauty and sensuality.
Both these trends – body positivity and inclusive representation – are expanding the boundaries of boudoir photography, making it a more welcoming space for everyone. They’re also helping to change perceptions, showing that boudoir photography isn’t just for a certain ‘type’ of person – it’s for anyone who wants to celebrate and express their unique beauty and confidence.
Empowerment and Self-Expression
At its core, boudoir photography is a powerful medium for empowerment and self-expression. It allows individuals to celebrate their bodies, embrace their sensuality, and express their identity on their terms.
Empowerment through Boudoir Photography
Boudoir photography empowers individuals by portraying them in a way that exudes confidence, strength, and beauty. The intimate nature of boudoir photography enables individuals to explore facets of their personality and body that they may otherwise keep hidden or feel insecure about. During a boudoir photoshoot, individuals are encouraged to express their sensuality and embrace their bodies, regardless of societal beauty standards. This process can be transformative, helping to boost self-esteem and foster a deeper appreciation for one’s body.
Boudoir Photography as a Form of Self-Expression
Boudoir photography extends beyond mere photography—it’s a form of self-expression that speaks volumes about a person’s identity, personality, and journey. Whether it’s choosing a particular theme, outfit, or pose, every element of a boudoir photoshoot allows individuals to express their unique personality and style. Some use boudoir photography to narrate a personal story or convey a powerful message, while others use it to explore their sensuality or mark a significant life event. Regardless of the motive, boudoir photography provides a creative outlet for individuals to express themselves authentically and unapologetically.
In conclusion, boudoir photography is a powerful tool for empowerment and self-expression. It champions body positivity, self-love, and inclusivity, allowing individuals to celebrate and express their unique beauty and confidence.
In summary, boudoir photography holds a profound significance and impact on society. It has transcended traditional photography, emerging as a powerful medium for self-expression and empowerment. Boudoir photography serves as a platform for individuals to celebrate and cherish their unique beauty and sensuality, irrespective of societal beauty standards. The intimate nature of this genre allows individuals to explore and express their identity, personality, and confidence unabashedly.
With its emphasis on body positivity and inclusive representation, boudoir photography continuously challenges and reshapes conventional notions of beauty and sensuality. It signifies a cultural shift towards embracing diversity and individuality while fostering a sense of self-love and esteem. Ultimately, boudoir photography is more than just taking pictures; it is a transformative experience that empowers individuals and celebrates the human body in its most authentic form.